Bone marrow is an important human body part present in the bones. Bone marrow is present in the core of bones. There are two types of bone marrows; red bone marrow and yellow bone marrow. The yellow bone marrow consist of fat cells, as you age this portion increases. Red bone marrow portion is the one in which blood cells are formed. It has cells called hematopoietic cells. These are responsible for the production of blood components. It produces red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Before birth, blood cells are produced by liver and spleen after the birth bone marrows takes this responsibility and makes blood cells. Any abnormality in the bone marrow results in cancer and grave bone problems. Bone marrow transplant is done to cure people. The details are given below.


Table of contents

  1. Bone Marrow Biopsy
  2. Bone Marrow Transplant
  3. Bone marrow transplant requirements
  4. Bone Marrow Transplant Survival rates
  5. Bone Marrow Cancer
  6. Conclusion


Bone Marrow Biopsy


A bone marrow biopsy is done to extract a small portion of the solid bone marrow which then goes through a series of tests to determine whether the bone marrow is functioning properly or there is abnormality.

A biopsy is done when your blood test shows abnormal number of platelets, WBCs and RBCs.

A biopsy procedure takes 1 hour. The bone marrow extract is taken in 10 minutes. It is not painful. The patient is given anesthesia before and after the process.

Bone marrow biopsy is done to find out whether the patient has the following,

  • Anemia
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Leukopenia
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Polycythemia
  • Lymphomas


The sample is taken from the hip bone or chest bone. A small hole is made for a hollow needle to pass. This needle extracts the bone marrow sample.

You may feel a little pain but the doctor gives pain reliever medicines.


A bone marrow biopsy often doesn’t cause any complications. The following happen in rare cases,

  • Abnormal reaction to anesthesia
  • Constant pain in the part (bone marrow is extracted)

People think that this process is too painful but it does not hurt too much, the anesthesia and expert doctors lessen the pain to a large extent.

Bone Marrow transplant

A bone marrow transplant is done to cure some grave diseases. The cells from the donor are extracted and are introduced in the recipient’s body. Bone marrow transplant surgery is not necessary. Many modern tools have been introduced in the field of hematology. Bone marrow transplants are carried in different ways.


There are three bone marrow transplants. These are classified on the basis of origin of cells extracted,


  • Autologous bone marrow transplant
  • Allogeneic bone marrow transplant
  • Syngeneic bone marrow transplant


  • The autologous bone marrow transplant is done by extracting the cells from the person himself. This transplant has least complications and there are more chances of the transplant being successful.


  • Allogeneic bone marrow transplant is carried out by educing the cells from person’s family members or relatives.


  • Syngeneic bone marrow transplant is done when the cells of recipient’s twin are taken. This also creates least complications.
  • Blood cells can be extracted from the following,

Bone marrow

Umbilical cord

Peripheral blood

The cells are educed from the persons and stored in cold containers.


This transplant is done to cure some serious and dangerous diseases that cannot be cured just by doing chemotherapy or radiation.

  • Blood cancer
  • Anemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Leukemia
  • Defected bone marrow
  • Neutropenia


Bone Marrow transplant donor


The person from which the bone marrow cells are extracted is known as a bone marrow donor. The donor is examined for sometimes and donor’s medical history is also checked. The transplant does not cause much pain but there are some side effects,

  • Pain in bones and joints
  • Muscle pain
  • Feebleness
  • Nausea


Bone Marrow Procedure


The bone marrow transplant carried out in many different ways. It is not too much painful however as it is a transplant a patient may feel uncomfortable. In this transplant, a patient is given anesthesia. The place from where the blood stem cells are to be collected is injected with anesthesia. It is also applied on the skin. The patient has to go through chemotherapy and radiation therapy.


How do they extract Bone marrow?


The bone marrow or stem cells can be educed in liquid and solid form. The liquid bone marrow may be extracted from your blood and the solid sample is taken from hip bone.

  • Leukapheresis
  • Central Venous Catheter


Transplant Complications

After a bone marrow transplant is carried out, there can be some problems. Sometimes the body gives severe reaction and doctors have to keep the patient in observation and he is medicated. Following are some of the problems caused after transplant,

  • Graft versus host disease
  • Internal bleeding
  • Cataracts
  • Mucositis


The bone marrow transplant has proved to be lifesaving for many patients. It is highly beneficial and stabilizes your health.


Bone Marrow Transplant Requirements


For a person to get bone marrow transplant there are some requirements.

The doctors have to check the patient’s early medical history. Other things that are required are,

The person should not have the following ailments or they should have been treated first,

  • Tuberculosis
  • Malaria
  • Blood pressure
  • Internal bleeding
  • Respiratory illness
  • Allergic reactions
  • Autoimmune ailments

The factors that are important too are,

  • Weight
  • Age

These 2 factors should be according to the doctor recommendation. As these can cause complications and the transplant patient may go through many problems. It is better to follow the doctor’s instructions.

Bone Marrow transplant survival rate


Before the concept of bone marrow transplant came, many patients died as there was no way to cure cancer. Bone marrow transplant was a huge success in the field of medicine. Many people were treated by using this method. The first successful bone marrow transplant was done in 1956 and the donor was twin of the recipient.

The estimated survival rate of Bone Marrow Transplant was estimated to be 62 % in 2012. This is the sole reason of many cancer patients alive today.

Bone Marrow Cancer


Bone marrow cancer is also known as Myeloma. It is a condition in which one of the plasma cells becomes cancerous and produces many copies of it. These cancerous cells accumulate in bone marrow. In bone marrow, plasma cells are dividing to form more cells. The cancerous cells can cause a lot of problems including not producing enough blood cells. These defaulted plasma cells produce large amount of Antibody known as Paraprotein. This causes damage to bones as well as the viscosity of blood is disturbed.

In this disease following symptoms appear,

Lytic damaged parts in bones

Bone fractures

Pain in bones and joints

High level of calcium in blood

  • This condition is known as hypercalcemia. The bone start breaking and more calcium is added into the blood. It causes following problems,




Damage to the kidney

Higher viscosity of blood

  • Paraprotein antibody high concentration in blood

Compression of nerves



Bone marrow cancer or myeloma is diagnosed in patients by performing the following tests,

  • Examination of blood and urine
  • Sample check of bone marrow
  • X-ray test of bones

It is treated by doing a bone marrow transplant or chemotherapy.


The bone marrow is soft inner core of bones and this method is used for curing many grave diseases. The diseases are cured only by doing a Bone marrow transplant that is a costly process. After the recovery process, patients again start to live a healthy life.







All the people love their hair. Not only females but also males want their hair to look more beautiful. They use many hair care products. Men often use gels and other oils. Nowadays, people use straighteners and hair dryers, these give out warm air that can cause skin dryness problems if used too excessively. These days the common problem that we all are facing is dandruff and dry scalp.  Sometimes, bathing a lot and using shampoo in excessive amount can also cause this problem. The environment can also affect this as heat causes sweat and moisture. It is said that the fungus causing dandruff feeds on these things. No one wants a dry and itchy scalp with flakes of dandruff so they are often trying remedies to get rid of dandruff. People often use anti dandruff shampoos for this problem but sometimes it is not enough and you have to use other methods. Some of which are explained below.






Dandruff is caused by a fungus named as Malassezia. This plays role in breaking down the sebum; released by sebaceous glands into fatty acids. These also act on dead skin cells that are naturally present. This causes dry and itchy scalp problem. This fungus grows the most in moist and wet environments. In this time, there is excessive sweating and this means that your dandruff will increase.

Ways to get rid of Dandruff:

There are many ways of getting rid of dandruff besides using anti dandruff shampoos. You can also consider herbal remedies for its removal.


Lemon is considered good for skin and scalp. Its acidity aids in balancing pH of scalp. The way to apply lemon is,

  • Take 2 tablespoons of lemon juice and apply on scalp.


  • Massage your scalp lightly.


  • Now rinse with water.


  • Take 1 tablespoon of lemon and wash your hair with it after mixing it with water.




  • Take a small quantity of baby oil and apply on scalp thoroughly.


  • Use your fingers lightly for gentle massage.


  • Cover your hair with towel and leave the oil for night.


  • Rinse your hair in the morning with a good anti dandruff shampoo.


By doing this on a regular basis can help you.




You can use oil for getting rid of dandruff. Oil is always considered good for scalp but using it excessively might not be good. If you are using oil for limited time then it is beneficial.

  • Take a small amount of mineral oil. For this purpose you can use tea tree oil, pure olive oil and peanut oil. Heat them for a little while and then apply to your scalp.


  • Massage your scalp using fingers lightly.


  • Leave the oil for some hours.


  • Remove the oil using a shampoo.


  • If your hair seem to be greasy then leave your conditioner for some time.


You should use anti dandruff shampoo especially the one containing coal tar and keratolytics. If these are not present then use urea , sulphur or salicylic acid containing shampoo.




Many people get irritated because of their dry scalp. This can also affect your hair. Their beauty and quality might get affected. You can use many hair care products for this problem but using herbal remedies is always a good option. For this you can use,


First wash your hair and dry them.

  • Take equal amounts of apple cider vinegar and water and pour it in a spray container.


  • Spray this on your scalp and let it stay for 30 minutes.


  • Now wash your scalp with water.


This will effectively reduce the dryness of your scalp.



It is best to use home remedies for the elimination of such problems. There are many things present in your kitchen pantry and fridge that can help you. You can use the following to get rid of dandruff.

Baking soda

Mix baking soda in your shampoo. Baking soda has anti fungal properties that might aid in soothing scalp and reducing itchiness.


Rinse your hair with Neem boiled water. Neem has antibacterial and antifungal properties that improve your scalp.

Tea tree oil

It has anti acne and anti fungal effects. Mix 1 to 2 drops of oil in your shampoo. Rinse with water.


It is said to be anti fungal. Mix one to two grounded garlic in the water and apply on scalp.

Aloe Vera

It is good for skin and scalp. You can apply it on the scalp directly. It is viscous and stays there. You can leave it for few hours and then rinse with water.

Olive oil

Heat half cup of virgin olive oil and mix 2 teaspoons of honey in it.  Apply this mixture on scalp and massage gently by using your fingers. Leave it for 10 minutes and rinse it off using herbal shampoo. After washing, cover your hair with a hot towel.

If you are facing the problem of hair fall then you can use the following mixtures,

  • Curd and lemon mixture
  • Neem paste and curd
  • Neem and coconut oil
  • Oil and camphor

You can also take a hot oil massage once or twice in a week.

This will keep dandruff and hair fall away.




Many people want to know the answer to HOW TO GET RID OF DANDRUFF? You can use a lot of methods to get rid of dandruff. Many remedies are described above; you can choose the one you think is the best. Always give some time to one cure and then switch to another one.









In this era, people are always getting sick and acquiring diseases. These can last from days to weeks, months and sometimes even years. This has caused many problems worldwide. When population will be sick and unyielding then the economic statics of the country will also be affected. Families also get worried and the treatment is also an extra burden on the expenses that all people can’t afford.

There can be many reasons for the occurrence of these diseases. The most important factors are; Pollution, unhealthy food and deficiency of useful nutrients. You should always be cautious about the changes that start to appear as these can be the indications of serious illness. Being careless and not giving importance to them can drag you in serious troubles. There are many diseases having common symptoms but it does not mean that you should start to treat yourself with already recommended medicines. Nowadays, you can easily come to know which disease you are having by running a blood test. In this way, you can help yourself by eating the right medicine of the disease. Never judge your ailment, always go to a qualified doctor. There are many herbal doctors that can help you in this matter. In this article, we are going to discuss crohn’s disease.







What is crohn’s disease?

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory disease that comes in the category of autoimmune diseases.  It is a kind of sickness that is included in the list of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).

It was named after the person who discovered its symptoms along with its 2 colleagues. His name was Dr. Burrill Crohn. He identified it and documented it in 1932.

This disease mostly affects intestine. There is a probability that all the layers of intestine can be involved. The last part of small intestine and first part of large intestine are mostly affected. It is not compulsory that it will always attack your small intestine; it is capable of attacking on any part from mouth to intestine as it is a GI disease.


What is the cause of crohn’s disease?


The exact cause of this disease is still unknown to scientist.

  • It is considered that as it is an autoimmune disease that can also be caused by some environmental changes.
  • Sometimes, the immune system reacts aggressively to the normal and beneficial bacteria present in intestine.
  • This disease can also be caused due to virus or bacteria.

These are known causes of this disease others are yet unidentified.


Is crohn’s disease inherited?

Crohn’s disease is said to be an inherited disease. Doctors and researchers have seen that people having crohn’s disease had this disease running in their families in different generations. Some are also carriers of this disease. People acquire this disease as it is present in the form of dominant gene. Others can get this disease on the basis of other factors but inheritance is also an important factor.


Is crohn’s disease life-threatening?

Crohn’s disease itself is not life-threatening but the problems and harms caused by it can become the reason of death of a person.

There is a rare chance of death by crohn’s disease.

People that are heedless and don’t go to doctors or don’t take their medicines on time suffer the most.

It may not be fatal but your careless behavior can surely bring death close to you.


Is crohn’s disease contagious?


Mostly it is believed that Crohn’s disease is NOT contagious. It is not submitted to people by direct skin contact but the baby of a crohn’s diseased person and a normal person, can have its gene. This disease is transmitted in inheritance from parents to children. It is an intestinal problem mostly caused because of immune system improper functioning so it cannot spread. The main thing is that you can only transfer the genes of this disease.


What are the symptoms of crohn’s disease?


Crohn’s disease is a gastrointestinal disease so it mainly causes problems to your gastrointestinal tract. The symptoms of this disease categorized as terminal sickness are,

  • Pain in abdomen
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of weight
  • Fever
  • Swelling in abdominal region
  • Internal bleeding
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Malabsorption

These are signs that tell you that you have encountered crohn’s disease. If you suspect these signs then you should go to a doctor for a good treatment.


How is crohn’s disease diagnosed?

Diagnosis of the right disease is the most important point as your treatment depends on it. You cannot risk wrong diagnosis of the sickness, you are having. Crohn’s disease is diagnosed from the following,

  • Signs of disease
  • Physical test


  • Laboratory tests like,
  1. Barium X-rays
  2. Colonoscopy
  • Biopsy
  1. Blood test can also be helpful in this case.

After the right diagnosis you need to go to a qualified doctor so that you don’t acquire any complications.


Treatment of crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease can be treating by,

  1. Using different supplements containing Vitamin D, B12 and herbs like Ginseng.


  1. Eating a healthy and nutritious diet is also recommended as it compensates the deficiencies of various nutrients that are not being absorbed by intestine.


  1. Ending your habit of smoking as it can trigger the disease and is also capable of increasing inflammation.


  1. Doing small exercise activities daily can also help you in fighting this disease.


  1. If your disease is on initiative levels then following medicines can be given to the patients,


  • Steroid medicines


This aid in lessening the inflammation.


  • Anti-TNF drug


TNF production is increased in this disease and it adds to inflammation


  1. If your body develops resistance against this disease then you have to go for a surgery.

 Following surgeries are considered curable,


  • Bowel resection surgery

In this surgery the damaged cells and tissues are removed

  • Fistula repair surgery

Fistulas are holes produced in walls of intestine due to this disease. This surgery is done to repair the holes.

These are the treatments that you have to take if you have crohn’s disease. After treatment you will be fine and the degree of disease lessens or totally disappears.


What is crohn’s disease diet recommended by doctors

In crohn’s disease you are not allowed to eat all the things as this disease makes your GI tract sensitive so you have to be careful.

The recommended list of foods is the following,

  • Papaya fruit
  • Avocado fruit
  • Butter lettuce
  • Chicken
  • Turkey
  • Almond milk
  • Eggs
  • Oatmeal
  • Vegetable soap
  • Salmon
  • Pureed beans
  • Roasted red peppers
  • Rice

This is the list of foods that are considered the best for crohn’s patient. You can eat the foods that have the following features,

  • Low in calories
  • Low in fibre content
  • It is better to take liquid meals.

You can also ask your doctor to make a diet plan for you. It is best to follow a recommended diet.



What is crohn’s disease? It is an autoimmune disease that causes problem in Gastro intestinal tract. It should be diagnosed and treated properly if you don’t want to suffer from pain.

Causes Symptoms and treatment of herpes outbreak

Causes Symptoms and treatment of herpes outbreak

Is it possible to overcome HSV? Yes, it is, because it can be handled with some techniques and therapy. A patient must be well aware of the fact how long does a herpes outbreak last before starting the medication.On the other hand the majority of the people use some oral medicines for this purpose. There are some helps in a better way than getting desperate for sex. Some unhealthy food and activities can cause increase its intensity. Eating balanced and healthy diet can be the better treatment of the issue.  You can get rid of the problem by living a healthy life style.

What is Herpes Outbreak?how long does a herpes outbreak last

Herpes outbreak is a disorder that is painful for the patients. It is an alarming symptom of the herpes simplex virus. It takes some days to complete the whole cycle. This virus transfers from one person to another. An affected person is an obvious carrier of the virus without realizing this situation. It is the sign that appears on the skin due to the active virus. Due to herpes outbreak, skin becomes bumpy, tender, swollen and red. The change appears in the skin and it blisters after some days. These blisters contain white fluid. Now it becomes open and takes several days to dry up. This is the time when the infected skin becomes the cause to transfer the virus. An infected person must avoid touching other healthy people. Get proper knowledge how long do herpes outbreak last.


There is no limit of age because anyone can be suffered from this infection of HSV. Risk is higher on exposure to the infected person. This virus transmits due to sexual interaction. When a person participates in risky sexual attitude without any protection, there is a high risk of HSV transition. There is no special reason of this issue.

  1. If you have done the discharge through masturbation only maybe a couple hours before having the sex.
  2. The thin layer of the condom is the primary motivation to diminish the incitement and the sensations.
  3. The full breath during the sex can destroy your discharge power.
  4. Having breaks during the sex can destroy the discharge’s force.
  5. If you have no fixation on sex it will diminish your causes.

Some other causes are given below

  1. Weak immune system
  2. Other sexually transmitted infection
  3. Multiple sex partners
  4. Genital outbreak during pregnancy

Signs of Herpes Outbreaks

What does a herpes outbreak look like? Majority of the people may have a subtle form of recurrent herpes. It heals up in some days but reappear after some days.

  1. Insect bite
  2. Hemorrhoids
  3. Razor burn
  4. Ingrown hair
  5. Pimple
  6. Red spot
  7. Sores on the genitals and in the mouth that blister
  8. Itching
  9. During urination pain

Patient may suffer signs that are similar to the flu. It is first herpes symptom in women and men.The signs of this issue are lack of appetite, tiredness, headaches, swollen lymph nodes and fever. It can affect eyes that are known as herpes keratitis. Its signs are gritty feeling, discharge, eye pain.

This virus may affect nerve cells of the patient. Infected person suffers regular outbreaks after that the virus becomes dormant. It can produce these symptoms.

  1. Sunburn or sun exposure
  2. Illness or fever
  3. Menstrual periods
  4. stress

The Herpes outbreak reduces intensity and finishes by the time. The reason behind it is that body creates antibodies. There will be no complications if a healthy person got this infection. But, how long do herpes outbreaks last is not predictable.


It can be treated in many ways. The most important thing is to diagnose it properly. There is no cure of this virus attack. The treatments are focused on finishing sores and reducing the outbreaks. Sometimes it finishes without taking any medicines by completing its cycle. No one knows how long does a herpes outbreak last. Commonly, doctors determine these medications.

  1. Valacyclovir
  2. Famciclovir
  3. valacyclovir

These medicines are prescribed for treating the infection without spreading the virus. It contains frequency and intensity of outbreaks. These medicines are available for oral use or to apply on the skin in form of cream or ointment. In severe cases these are prescribed in form of injections. Before using the medicines a user must consult doctor how long does a herpes outbreak last.



Herpes is the disease caused by a virus, which is known as herpes simplex virus. Herpes is basically an infection that creates blisters on the infected part of the body. The other name for herpes virus is cold sores. It takes two to four weeks for the infected part to heal up. When we talk about oral herpes, it includes the area present within the mouth. Tongue, inner lips, palette and the throat region are infected mostly by herpes infection. Among all these herpes on tongue is the most uncomfortable one. Lots of symptoms lead you to know you are suffering with herpes.


All tongue sores are not herpes, rather if you feel following symptoms than you are suffering with herpes infection.

  1. Besides blisters on tongue the person suffers from high fever. Herpes infection raise the body temperature from the normal, this is an indication that you are suffering from a serious viral herpes infection.
  2. Malaise is the initial and leading sign of a vigorous disease and is the general sensation of anxiety and pain.
  3. Another symptom of herpes is sores. They are largely, what cause ache and complexity in consumption of food and water. Sores mainly occur in the region of lips, gums, palette, tongue and inner parts of the cheeks. Because of these sores, the narrow part of lymph nodes will also become engorged and constantly aching.
  4. Next comes muscles ache. This symptom is not seen in many people suffering from herpes, it can be still evident especially in those suffering from high cholesterol, osteoporosis, multiple sclerosis, and depression. This is common in people taking drugs such as Zocor, Lipitor, aspirin, crestor and Baycol
  5. Dehydration is one of the key signs and if you consider that you have herpes tongue, and this occurs as a sequelae, then you should call a physician to administrate defensive procedures to dehydration.


The symptoms do not appear all of the sudden as the virus come in contact with the infected part. It takes 2 to 10 days for symptoms to appear. For many people the average time for symptoms to appear is 4 days. It takes 3 to 4 weeks to get rid of herpes infection. If you are facing the following symptoms in your body then you will have to face herpes infection soon.

At start the person will start facing itching sensation on the tongue. This itching will lead to form small blisters on the tongue infected region. These blisters will multiply in a very small spam of time. With the passage of time these blisters will break down quickly and will appear as grey ulcer on a red base. After few days these blister will turn into yellow color and will look dry. The person will feel swear pain and eating will become difficult.

Swelling and bleeding from the infected region may occur. Especially if herpes occupy the area of gums, this will lead to more pain and bleeding. Due to herpes disease the person cannot properly eat and drink, so to avoid dehydration the person should sip cold water throughout the entire day.

The disease is common in children with age less than 6 years. They undergo from swear infection and high fever. If you have weak immune system, this will lead to swear herpes infection. It is very important for pregnant women to go for a checkup, if herpes on tongue virus is noticed.


Mostly doctors cure herpes after seeing them. So, it’s better to see the doctor as soon as possible after the symptoms of herpes appears.

If doctor is not available, to reduce the muscle pain and fever you can take Ibuprofen. You must consume large amount of water to reduce dehydration.

If you are suffering with c then avoid toothpaste, as it contains irritating agents like sodium. You can use sodium less toothpaste.

Avoid sharing water and food with the person having herpes disease. If you are one of them wear mask so that disease doo not spread. Herpes infection is a viral disease; it can be spread easily from person to person.


Herpes is a viral disease. It forms blisters on the infected region and leads to fever and pain. The person suffering from herpes should avoid sharing of food and should wear mask, so the viral disease do not spread.


How do you get mono

Mono Infection:

How do you get mono is commonly caused disease in teenagers. As mono or mononucleosis are infectious which is caused by the group of symptoms of various signs and symptoms of Epstein – Barr virus (EBV). This illness and disease mostly visible on the body part of teenagers, but not only teenagers are having this infection with them; as a matter of fact, many other individuals including you can get attached to this disease in any stage of your life duration. This virus made his way into the body via touching or through saliva. In other words, you can call it the disease which is caused by kissing. People who are trapped in this infection tend to have the high rate of fever, sore throat as well as glands of swollen lymph. They can be treated with easily and minimal of thing that are resolved to mild treatment. The infection can be treated on some level or as nature it will go off by itself after one or two months just like puberty.


The virus tends to long last on a human body. Start somewhere in between contract and symptoms. When this type of disease involves in your it will long last for about five to six weeks’ time interval. Its symptoms and signs tend to last like around for maximum interval of one and half month. Symptoms may include:

  • Sore throat itch.
  • Fatigue.
  • Night sweats on regular sleep.
  • Swollen tonsils problem.
  • A headache mostly at sun time.
  • Armpits and glands lymph of swollen at a back of the neck.
  • High fever.
  • Muscle and joint weakness.

In some cases, doctors also noticed that patient have a spleen or rather than it they liver also get swelled. But a mono case is like barely happen to fatal ones. Mononucleosis is even hard disease than the high level of flu. Its symptoms and side effect won’t go away even after the two weeks of treatment. However, you can find a cure to this illness at your own home by drinking enough water and juices, eating healthy and good foods, resting, nap and visiting your doctor.


This disease is easily caused by EBV (Epstein – Barr virus). But according to the organization of Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this thing EBV ( Epstein Barr Virus) is a helper to other viruses that leads to getting more and more infection to enter the body of human and via one infected person other media also suffers from this, so does the world do.

Virus rapidly spread via air environment, intercourse or by saliva interacts from mouth to mouth or from a body to body from one infected person to another normal life individual. It can’t be spread by blood contact as fast as it can be done by other procedure. It can easily transfer from one person that has mono to another that hasn’t mono by, kissing, sharing food, cough, sneeze, sex or drinks. Once you are infected it will gain and take around about six weeks to appear its sign and symptoms onto your body. Whereas in adults the percentage to get near to this disease is less than 30 or 40% each year. In children or small kids, how do you get mono will not work on them or cause no such symptoms so the infection may recover and goes the negotiation of an unrecognized term.


Mentioned below are those who have so much higher risk to get infected by this disease:

  • Adult and young between who are still in the age of from 15 to 30.
  • Students of high school or university.
  • Medical interns and workers.
  • Doctors and nurses.
  • Caregivers in store or malls.
  • People who tend to take a supplement on such notice of medication level for suppressing their whole immune system.

As a matter of fact, no matter how hard people try to avoid this but if they still go near the infected mono individual while covering whole their body then seriously there is no use of it. You are also one of them. That’s why the rate is quite high for students of high school or universities which are frequently get infected after day by day in numerous ways and conditions.


On the presence of fever, flu, glands of swollen lymph and sore throat your doctor will diagnose it on mono based. As well as your age is also a good fighter. The less age you have the infection the more chances are there for your cells to kill all of its sign and symptoms. And for higher age, the result is vice versa. Mostly it tends to happen in teenagers but chances are still alive that it can be done on any people of any age. To diagnose it blood test is the best case scenario. White blood cells usually break through to find this disease as fast as they can. A good news is that once mono enters your body it produce more and more white blood cells which are a great news but the bad news is those white blood cells which are produced by mono are weak in terms and less likely to fight back. In other words, there is no use of them in a human body.

Numerous population of white blood cells in the human body can’t even resist to count, confirm and hunt down the EBV injection operation. But experts say the result, later on, is possibly strong enough. A positive infection has positive mono whereas negative mono has negative. One term mono spot can rapid process in the case to detect the EBV with antibodies presence. Antibodies are rich in proteins which can lead your immune system to respond for a while and kill the harmful substance called an antigen.

How do you get mono is detected by antibodies of EBV antigens. However, they can also be detected by the simple illness of the body if this case occurs the treatment and diagnosis will depend on the daily basis from 10 to 14 days. However there is no such actual treatment to this substance, it’s due to this illness contain many other harmful problems with it. So treatment can only be done on regular basis and random wise.

You can also read about : What side is your appendix on

All there is to know about Headache on top of head

All there is to know about Headache on top of head

What is on top of head pain?

What is on top of head painThe pain in the middle and top of the head is normally the vertex pain. It is referred to as a headache on top of head. This is regarded as the most unusual and distinct type of all headaches as
only two body muscles are considered to play a role in causing this type of a headache. The muscles involved in causing this headache include the upper back and back of neck muscles. Scientific studies have indicated that this type of pain will normally begin from the joints and core muscles of the neck.

However, there can be many other reasons for causing this pain. If a headache on top of the head is as a result of physical exertion or tiredness then you might want to get the root of the pain diagnosed immediately.

Tension Headaches

Tension HeadachesThe headaches on top of the head are also famously known as tension headaches. These types of headaches are also known as stress headaches. The occurrence of this form of headaches is in periodical order, appearing once in every 15 days or twice/thrice in a month. The intensity of this pain will also vary from person to person. Symptoms of this headache most commonly include rigidness or tightness on top of the head or backside of the neck.

Causes of Top of head pains

There are countless causal factors of Headache on top of head. Some of the most common causes include

Chronic Daily HeadacheHeadache on top of head

People who experience headaches repeatedly and frequently, most likely on the everyday basis are more prone to develop a headache on the top middle part of the head. This is why it is called the chronic daily headache.


People with a family history or personal medical history of a migraine are also most likely to develop top of head pain. Furthermore, people who suffer a migraine along with frequent acute and piercing pains can also be a cause of brief periods of the top of head shots of pain.

Additional reasons that are a vivid part of our daily life and can become a cause of this pain include

  • Insufficient physical rest or excessive exertion
  • Inappropriate body posture
  • Anxiety or stress
  • Lack of quantity of iron Fe in the body
  • Extreme hunger pangs that are left unmet for prolonged hours
  • Emotional or psychological distress

Common types of headaches

In addition to tension headaches, there are many other forms of headaches that are considered as top of pain head.

Cluster Headaches 

Cluster headaches are more common in men as compared to females. This type of a headache occurs in groups frequently. This pain is stabbing and sudden on top or sides of the head. The most common symptoms of cluster headaches include a runny nose, or chest or nasal blockage.

Sinuses Headaches

Sinuses are infectious. When a sinus becomes extreme swelled and infectious, it can be a cause of sudden stabbing pain on top of a head. It has obvious symptoms and can be easily diagnosed with the help of medical head scans, MRI or CT.