Human body has a massive network of capillaries in which the blood flows. It is blood that provides nutrition to the organs. It distributes oxygen in the body. Oxygen is the most important factor on which human body survives. If the oxygen supply is cut off then the human dies. Humans can live without anything in fact they can endure thirst for time being but if they don’t get oxygen they die immediately. Oxygen is supplied to all the cells. Cells perform cellular respiration process, through which they manufacture energy needed by the body. Also it helps in getting rid of harmful gas like Carbon dioxide. All the exchange of gases is carried by network of capillaries in which blood is flowing. Human heart pumps blood to the organs and receive blood from lungs. The oxygenated blood is distributed in the organs and the deoxygenated blood is sent to lungs for cleansing. Heart is always working. When it pumps blood, a pressure is exerted on the walls of blood vessels this pressure is known as Blood Pressure.
Many people keep their blood pressure in check as it is an important factor that can affect your health. Mostly a device known as, mercury sphygmomanometer is used to measure blood pressure. Nowadays, many electronic devices are used to measure blood pressure. People use these devices as these give more accurate results. You should always keep your blood pressure in check as sometimes you don’t pay attention and it reaches harmful levels.
Blood pressure is measured in mmHg. Sometimes, it can be measured in Pascal but in medicine more commonly used unit is mmHg.
Whenever, your blood pressure is measured the result is given in two figures. These two numbers are different. These are calculated in a range. Your Blood pressure should always be in safe zone and if your blood pressure reaches danger zone then you should take the medicines and seek immediate health care.
What is systolic blood pressure?
Systolic blood pressure is the 1st figure that is measured while taking the blood measure. It is the pressure exerted on the walls of vessels when heart pushes blood towards the organs.
It is known as the maximum pressure that the heart applies during 1 heart beat.
It is considered more important value as it is the pressure that the heart has to apply. It is taken more carefully whenever your blood pressure is being checked.
The normal value that comes in safe zone is 120 mm Hg.
Diastolic blood pressure is the pressure measured when heart is at ease.
It is measured between the time intervals of two heart beats.
It is the time period when blood is filled in the heart chambers.
It is the minimal pressure measured as the blood is filling in the heart.
In normal circumstances, its value is 80 mmHg.
Normal Blood Pressure
Normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. The individuals having this blood pressure are considered to be healthy. This value comes in the safe zone. If your blood pressure value is this then you should not be getting worried about your health.
Low Blood Pressure
Low blood pressure is considered when the value is less than 120/80 mmHg. It can be 119/79 mm Hg but if the value is 90/60 mmHg then it is critically low. In this situation, emergency treatment is necessary.
Lowering of Blood pressure caused by any disease’s side-effects is a condition known as hypotension. You also feel weakness and nausea in this condition.
High Blood pressure
High blood pressure is more dangerous. If the value is 140/90 mmHg then you should consult the doctor and take medication
This value of Blood pressure is not healthy and can harm your body organs easily.
High blood pressure causes a condition or rather called critical condition known as hypertension. In this condition, eating medicines becomes compulsory. It can cause a lot of detrimental effects including death.
What are the causes of High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure is the condition in which the heart puts extra force in pushing out the blood. The blood vessels have to endure unnecessary force. There can be many reasons for this happening. High blood pressure is caused by a number of factors.
Many people have this problem running in their family. Such people have high risk of having hypertension.
Your body goes through some changes that can cause high BP. Teenagers and adults can get this because of stress and other issues that cause headaches.
Environmental changes also have a large affect on your body and its systems. Pollution and nuisance can also cause problems that lead to high BP.
It is one of the most significant factors. As the digit of your age becomes greater you are more at risk of getting high BP. It can be due to many reasons one of them is cellular degeneration and also the elasticity of vessels lessen.
It is said that men are more likely to get high BP problem than women. It can be because of the reason that men have to work all the day and they deal with many people. There are many factors that can affect their health.
An obese person is always at the risk of getting ailments like high BP, diabetes and joint pain. It is because of the fact that fat cells get accumulated in blood vessels which become the cause of obstruction in the flow of blood and also the blood vessels become narrower.
Excessive use of Alcohol and drugs
Alcohol, narcotics and sedatives can cause high BP. These damage your main organs of circulatory system that are lungs and heart. The main impact is on the brain.
Birth controlling pills
Excessive and long term use of oral contraceptive drugs can cause such problems like high BP because of anxiety and stress.
Decrease physical exercise
Taking physical exercises is always beneficial as it keeps a healthy flow of blood. People who do not exercise regularly are more likely to get high BP.
Consumption of medicines for a long time period can cause high BP. Medicines have side effects and these may lead to high Blood pressure.
High Blood pressure or hypertension is also known as silent killer. It sometimes comes without any warning and symptoms. The symptoms of high Blood Pressure are,
- Unbearable Headache
- Visionary problems
- Chest pain
- Left arm pain
- Difficulty in breathing
- Abnormal heart beat rate
- Throbbing of blood vessels in neck and forehead
- flushed face
- Nose bleeding
These are some common symptoms of high blood pressure. You should keep your Blood pressure in check.
Diagnostic of High Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is measured by using a sphygmomanometer. The readings tell whether you have high blood pressure or normal blood pressure.
- 120/80 mm Hg reading is considered normal.
- 120 to 139/ 80 to 89 mm Hg if the reading comes in between these then you have pre-hypertension
- 140 to 159/ 90 to 99 these readings show that it is Hypertension stage 1.
- 160/100 mmHg is the reading of Hypertension stage 2.
- 180/100 mmHg reading shows that it is an emergency situation as this indicates Hypertension emergency situation.
Malignant blood pressure
- The blood pressure reading that is often higher than 180/120 is known to be malignant and dangerous. This is a critical condition that occurs suddenly and is accompanied by organ damage. It is considered to be a highly dangerous condition. It is caused by,
- Kidney ailment
- Heart disease
- Drug use
- Tumor in adrenal glands
- The symptoms of malignant blood pressure are,
- Difficult breathing
- Torpid limps
- Angina pain
- Blur vision
- Unendurable headache
In some cases, this might affect your brain. Your brain swells and causes a lot more painful issue like,
- Vision Blindness
- Vomiting and nausea
Patients may have to go through urine and blood test before the doctors prescribe medicine course.
You have to go through physical check up to know about your blood pressure. The doctor might do the following things,
- Listening to heartbeats
- Feeling pulse of wrist
- Inspection of abdomen with stethoscope
- Eye blood vessel check
Sometimes the patients don’t recognize the symptoms and later doctors have to go through tests,
- Doppler Ultrasound
- CT Scan
These tests are done to make sure that there is no organ damage or any risk of heart attack or cardiac arrest.
Patients having a high blood pressure may go through these tests more often.
How is High Blood Pressure treated?
Blood pressure is one of common diseases these days. The reasons can vary in persons. If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure then you have to take the medications according to your level of high blood pressure. You should take the medications as recommended by the doctor. In Hypertension condition, the following medications are given. These can be,
- Calcium-channel blockers
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
These all have their affects. The doctor knows the best which medicine you should take. Don’t start taking medicines on the basis of other’s opinion. A check up is important.
- Diuretics make you pass more urine and remove the excess Na ions through it. These ions may increase blood pressure so are removed from the body making blood pressure come to normal.
These can be,
- Beta blockers aid in slowing the rate of heart. These are often given after heart attacks to prevent any further attack.
- Calcium channel blockers hinder the entry of calcium in blood as to lower the concentration of ions in blood. These help in lowering the blood pressure.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors aid in lowering the blood pressure by decreasing the yield of enzyme ACE. This causes the blood vessels to dilate and as a result BP lowers.
Following are some ACE Inhibitor medicines,
- Alpha blockers are also given to treat high blood pressure. These make the blood vessels dilate to bring the BP back to normal.
Alpha blockers medicines are,
High blood pressure can be cured by using some home remedies,
- Lessen the salt consumption
- Drink more water
- Heart benefiting foods
- Fish oil
- Green vegetables
- Cut short the oil consumption
- Avoid drinking sugary drinks
- Coconut water
- Physical work out
- Manage healthy weight
- Stay away from stress and anxiety
- Practice Yoga
These are done to keep Blood pressure in control.
Threats caused by High Blood Pressure
If the high blood pressure remains untreated and unidentified, it can cause many problems and complications.
These can be the following,
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Heart stroke
- Visionary issues
- Heart arrest
- Brain haemorrhage
- Detrimental effects on arteries
- Weak heart muscles
- Decreased efficiency of heart
- Congestive heart failure
These are all the reasons because of which it is known as silent killer. You don’t even know and death is at your doorstep.
If you are a patient of high Blood pressure then you have to be careful of some of the things.
- You should eat less meat and eat more vegetables and fruits.
- Prefer fish and chicken meat.
- Your daily sodium consumption should be less than 1500 mg.
- You should not eat sweet foods and drinks.
- Avoid all the foods containing unnecessary oil.
- It is compulsory to stay away from stress conditions.
- Try avoiding going to places where the noise level is high.
You have to take these precautionary measures to maintain your health.
High blood pressure and pregnancy
High blood pressure is problem that poses a threat to normal persons but it can be more dangerous for women carrying child in their womb. This problem effects heart and brain the most but in pregnant women this also affects the health of the foetus.
The causes of High Blood Pressure are,
- Increased weight
- Smoking cigarettes
- Drinking alcohol
- Physical inactivity
- Over-aged pregnancy
- Multiple kids pregnancy
The women that face problems during pregnancy are more likely to get High Blood Pressure. That’s the reason it is said that women carrying child should be careful and stay calm.
High Blood Pressure can cause,
It is also known as pregnancy induced hypertension
If it gets chronic then woman may experience seizures during pregnancy.
High Blood Pressure also causes premature birth or stillbirth. In Hypertension as the blood supply to baby is lessened or is abrupt.
Some women have high blood pressure problem before pregnancy but some develop it after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
The doctors have to be careful while prescribing medicines as not to affect the baby.
Pregnant women are suggested to stay from stress conditions and also from foods that may cause this problem.
Blood is a fluid flowing in the body. It is pumped by heart with a force known as blood pressure. You have to keep your blood pressure in check because it is an important factor. If your BP exceeds or lowers from the normal value it can cause health problems. High Blood Pressure is considered more dangerous. It can cause heart and brain problems. If your doctor has recommended you medicines then you should take them regularly according to the prescription.