A silent women killer: Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is type of cancer that develops from the breast cells. Cancer cells develop in the lobules or in the inner lining of milk producing ducts in women. Cancer is caused by malignant tumors and has a tendency to spread in different parts of the body. The breast cancer is categorized into two major forms of cancer:
- Ductal carcinoma: the cancer that develops in the inner lining of milk ducts are known as ductal carcinoma
- Lobular carcinoma: the cancer that develops in the lobules is called as lobular carcinoma.
Is an inverted nipple a sign of breast cancer?
Yes, definitely it is one of the initial signs and symptoms of breast cancer.
Knowing how breasts normally look like is one crucial part of breast health. Finding about breast cancer as earlyas possible gives the patient better chance of successful treatment. Screening tests are recommended by doctors in order to find the breast cancer at earliest stage.
The most common and earliest symptom is the occurrence of lump in the breast. The lump is generally painless, hard with irregular edges. But if we talk about breast cancer lumps, it is tender, soft and cause pain. If you find even the slightest bit of change in the overall look of your breasts it is highly recommended to visit the health care provider who is experienced in diagnosing breast cancer. Here are some other probable symptoms of breast cancer that you should know about.
- Skin irritation
- Pain in nipple and or breast
- Inverted nipples
- Red, scaly and thick nipples and/or breast skin
- Major swelling of breasts and the lump can be felt when touched.
This also happens at time that the cancer cells move to lymph nodes or around collar bone from breast. You can feel swelling and pain in the lymph node even if the breast cancer tumor is not large enough to be felt. So, do visit the health care provider for making sure.
What body systems and organs are affected by breast cancer?
Breast cancer according to different studies can spread quickly to the bones, liver and lungs of the patient. Constant bone pain and fracturing is observed in the patient whose breast cancer start spreading in bones. If breast cancer spreads to lungs it can cause pneumonia, shortness of breath or trouble breathing and a chronic cough. If liver is affected by breast cancer, the patient can suffer from jaundice, pain in abdomen or blood clotting issues.
When you get the sad news that you are diagnosed with breast cancer for a brief moment of time you might wonder how does the breast cancer occur? Well, my dear no one exactly knows what causes brain cancer. The doctors and scientists are researching day and night to know the answer to this but still do not know much. What we do know is that the breast cancer is caused by damaged DNA of breast cell.
What are the main causes of breast cancer?
As I have mentioned earlier, there is no exact known cause behind breast cancer. However, there are some risk factors which might lead to breast cancer. Here are some risk factors that have shown an indirect link with breast cancer:
Sadly being women is a biggest risk-factor for breast cancer. The breast cancer patients are women in majority.
Just like other diseases, the risk of breast cancer increases as you age. Almost 2/3 cases of breast cancer are women over the age of 55.
If you have a close relative who is diagnosed with breast cancer increase the chance of you having it too. If any first degree relative is diagnosed with breast cancer then your chances are doubled.
Only 5-10% breast cancer is considered hereditary. In this case a mutated gene might travel to offspring from parents.
Facial and chest radiation exposure
If you have been exposed to radiation either for treating acne or any other type of disease that exposed your chest to radiation may be the reason behind breast cancer
Changes in breast
If your health provider diagnosed benign in your breast areas then you are at high risk of breast cancer
It is generally believed that white women are more vulnerable to breast cancer then African, Asian and Hispanic women. According to one study, African American women most likely develop more aggressive form of cancer at some part of their life.
Do you know breast feeding can lower the chances of breast cancer drastically?
Women who are chain smoker might develop breast cancer at later age.
Research has proved that women who have thicker or denser breast are six times more likely to develop breast cancer
Being overweight especially after the menopause can either trigger the recurrence of breast cancer or become the reason of on setting of cancer.
These are some of the solid risk factor, if you avoid these risk factors, you might not develop breast cancer at any age.
Can you detect breast cancer with a chest X-ray?
Yes, chest x ray shows how far the breast cancer has spread in the chest and it is one of the initial diagnostictests. Doctors perform x ray to see the condition of heart and lungs. X ray test is necessary before the doctors give the patient chemotherapy or anesthesia.
Breast cancer treatment:
Before suggesting the treatment options the doctor’s team will look for some factors. Here are the following factors:
- Type of breast cancer
- Stage and grade of cancer
- Overall health of patient
- Patient’s preference
Following are the potential treatment options against breast cancer tumor
- Radiation therapy
- Biological therapy
- Hormone therapy
- Chemo therapy
Your doctor may suggest more than one therapy depending upon the severity of your breast cancer.
In order to prevent breast cancer, you should only opt to change for these lifestyle habits and you might save yourself form bigger trouble later.
- Alcohol consumption
- Daily exercising
- Maintenance of healthy weight
- Breast feeding
- Breast cancer screening
Breast cancer is uncontrolled growth of cells that starts in breast tissues. Every one in eight women develops breast cancer in USA. This type of cancer is second most commonly occurring. Elderly women are most likely to develop breast cancer. On the other hand, male breast cancer account for less than 1 percent of all cancer as per NCI. In this article, I have given a detailed analysis of Breast cancer and its risk factors.